The Mycenaean and Homeric Greek ideas of the Scepter in the Light of the Ancient Near Eastern Parallels

 
PIIS207987840006184-1-1
DOI10.18254/S207987840006184-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of Oriental Studies RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation: Kutafin Moscow State Law University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameISTORIYA
EditionIssue 12 (86)
Abstract

The symbols of royal power look being similar to each other in the different cultures of the Ancient World, but this resemblance may cover the regional specifics. The most common ideas identify the Early Greek scepter and the Hittite kalmus with the variants of mace and of shepherd’s crook, but their arguments are not comprehensive. Analyzing the textual attestations of the Ancient Greek scepter and of the Hittite kalmus to understand their functions, we discover their throwing function, which is the proper feature of the lightning bolt in the hands of the stormgod. The archaeological data allow us to consider the weapon like spear being the prototype of these royal insignia.

KeywordsHittites, Homer, kalmus, Minoans, Mycenae, scepter, symbols of power
AcknowledgmentThis investigation has been supported by the Presidential grant for the Russian young scholars МК-6752.2018.6.
Received19.07.2019
Publication date15.01.2020
Number of characters88095
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