Coats of Arms of Russian Scientists

 
PIIS207987840005001-0-1
DOI10.18254/S207987840005001-0
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation:
Russian State University for the Humanities
Vavilov Institute of Science and Technology History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameISTORIYA
EditionIssue 4 (78)
Abstract

This article is devoted to analysis of Russian noble coats of arms that belonged to scientists of the 18th — beginning 20th century. In the center of consideration officially approved coats of arms, which were awarded to scientists who have reached the rank of nobility in the service or awarding the order. In the Russian Empire, the scientist, as a rule, became either a personal or hereditary nobleman and, consequently, acquired the right to the coat of arms. Identified the main circle of the emblems, reflecting the scientific activity (snake, open book, bee, owl, etc.), it is shown that along with the traditional emblems in the Russian heraldry was actively used images of different scientific objects and phenomena for reflect the professional activity of the wearer of the coat of arms.

Keywordsscience, scientist, coat of arms, heraldry
Received28.02.2019
Publication date17.06.2019
Number of characters19551
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