Legal aspects of judicial protection of citizens ' rights and public interests in the field of environmental protection in the people's Republic of China

 
PIIS102694520013075-3-1
DOI10.31857/S102694520013075-3
Publication type Article
Status Approved
Authors
Affiliation: Siberian Federal University
Address: Russian Federation,
Abstract

 

This article examines the judicial procedure for protecting the rights of citizens and public interests in the field of environmental protection in the People's Republic of China.

 

The author analyzed the regulatory legal acts of China that regulate the activities of specialized courts for environmental protection.

 

In the course of the research, the features of the creation of such courts are revealed, as well as the analysis of judicial practice on the consideration of disputes in the field of environmental protection is presented.

 

Besides, it is established that only public organizations and prosecutor's offices are authorized to file lawsuits in the specialized courts for environmental protection in defense of public interests in the field of environmental protection. At the same time, the current legislation does not provide for citizens to apply to them, since everyone's environmental rights are generally protected by applying to the people's courts of the People's Republic of China.

 

As a result of the research, the author came to the conclusion that the reform of environmental justice in China continues in the direction of legal regulation of the activities of specialized courts for environmental protection. At the same time, the chinese experience of protecting public interests in the field of environmental protection by public organizations or prosecutor's offices in environmental courts allows us to note an improvement in the quality of justice and progress in the consideration of this category of cases, since decisions are made by judges with special knowledge in this area. While the current legislation of China does not establish the specifics of protecting environmental rights by citizens in a general manner by applying to the people's courts of the People's Republic of China.

 

Keywordsspecialized court for environmental protection, procedure for protecting public interests in the field of environmental protection, protection of environmental rights, environmental justice reform
Received20.01.2021
Number of characters31963
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1 Правовые аспекты судебной защиты прав граждан и общественных интересов в сфере охраны окружающей среды в Китайской Народной Республике © 2020 г. Д.А. Фицай Сибирский Федеральный Университет, Красноярск E-mail: dar.vysotzckaya2010@yandex.ru Аннотация В настоящей статье исследуется судебный порядок защиты прав граждан и общественных интересов в сфере охраны окружающей среды в Китайской Народной Республике. Автор провел анализ нормативных правовых актов Китая, регламентирующих деятельность специализированных судов по охране окружающей среды. В процессе проведения исследования выявлены особенности создания таких судов, а также представлен анализ судебной практики по рассмотрению споров в сфере охраны окружающей среды. Кроме того, в работе установлено, что только общественные организации и органы прокуратуры уполномочены подавать в специализированные суды по охране окружающей среды иски в защиту общественных интересов в сфере охраны окружающей среды. В то время как обращения в них граждан действующим законодательством не предусмотрено, поскольку защита экологических прав каждого осуществляется в общем порядке путем обращения в народные суды Китайской Народной Республики. В результате исследования автор пришел к выводу, что реформирование экологического правосудия в Китае продолжается в направлении правовой регламентации деятельности специализированных судов по охране окружающей среды. При этом китайский опыт защиты общественных интересов в сфере охраны окружающей среды общественными организациями или органами прокуратуры в экологических судах позволяет констатировать повышение качества правосудия и прогресс в рассмотрении такой категории дел, поскольку решения принимают судьи, обладающие специальными познаниями в этой сфере. В то время как в действующем законодательстве Китая не установлено особенностей защиты экологических прав гражданами в общем порядке путем их обращения в народные суды КНР. Ключевые слова: специализированный суд по охране окружающей среды, порядок защиты общественных интересов в сфере охраны окружающей среды, защита экологических прав, реформа экологического правосудия.
2 Legal aspects of judicial protection of citizens ' rights and public interests in the field of environmental protection in the people's Republic of China © 2020 D.A. Fitsay Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk E-mail: dar.vysotzckaya2010@yandex.ru Annotation This article examines the judicial procedure for protecting the rights of citizens and public interests in the field of environmental protection in the People's Republic of China. The author analyzed the regulatory legal acts of China that regulate the activities of specialized courts for environmental protection. In the course of the research, the features of the creation of such courts are revealed, as well as the analysis of judicial practice on the consideration of disputes in the field of environmental protection is presented. Besides, it is established that only public organizations and prosecutor's offices are authorized to file lawsuits in the specialized courts for environmental protection in defense of public interests in the field of environmental protection. At the same time, the current legislation does not provide for citizens to apply to them, since everyone's environmental rights are generally protected by applying to the people's courts of the People's Republic of China. As a result of the research, the author came to the conclusion that the reform of environmental justice in China continues in the direction of legal regulation of the activities of specialized courts for environmental protection. At the same time, the chinese experience of protecting public interests in the field of environmental protection by public organizations or prosecutor's offices in environmental courts allows us to note an improvement in the quality of justice and progress in the consideration of this category of cases, since decisions are made by judges with special knowledge in this area. While the current legislation of China does not establish the specifics of protecting environmental rights by citizens in a General manner by applying to the people's courts of the People's Republic of China. Keywords: specialized court for environmental protection, procedure for protecting public interests in the field of environmental protection, protection of environmental rights, environmental justice reform.

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